What is an EPC?

EPC stands for Energy Performance Certificate. It’s a document that shows the energy rating of a property, much in the same way as the energy rating that you would see on appliances. It provides an energy rating from A to G, where A is the most efficient and G is the least efficient. The better the rating the more energy efficient the building is and the lower the fuel bills are likely to be.

The EPC is produced by a qualified Domestic Energy Assessor who visits the property and gathers information in the property about the existing heating, lighting, glazing and insulation, along with dimensions of the dwelling. This information is then entered into Government approved software which will then generate the EPC. The EPC will assess the energy efficiency of services which are present in the building. It will not comment on the present condition or safety aspects or maintenance of the services, nor will the assessment confirm that the installed system is fit for purpose.

If you have been asked by building control, you will need a SAP EPC. This type of EPC contains more exact details about the property and is required to demonstrate that the property complies with certain building regulations. Read more about SAP EPCs.

Why were EPCs introduced?

The Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) began the Implementation of EPCs throughout Europe. The Housing Act 2004 is the UK’s legislation specific to EPCs; introducing the EPC to England and Wales in August 2007, followed by Northern Ireland (June 2008) and then Scotland (December 2008) EPCs are required for homes which are put up for sale or rental across the whole of the UK.

Why is an EPC is required?

An EPC is intended to provide the new buyer or tenant with correct information about the energy performance of the building and practical advice on improving its performance. It will give recommendations of energy saving improvements that could be made to the property along with estimated installation costs as well as annual savings that would be made by carrying out that improvement. However, there is no statutory requirement to carry out any of the recommended energy efficiency measures stated. You can view an example of an EPC by EPC example.

Rental Properties

The Government has recognised that many private rental properties are some of the lowest energy rating properties in the housing stock. They have taken steps to improve the standard of these properties. From April 2018 all new rentals must meet the Minimum Energy Efficiency Standard (MEES). This means the property must have an EPC energy rating of at least at E. Any lower than this and the property cannot be let. Therefore the landlord will have to take steps to improve the energy rating. Grant assistance may be available to improve the heating and insulation. You can find further information on heating and insulation grants by going to www.energygrantsdirect.co.uk

Booking an EPC

If you require an EPC you can book online here:


Or call us free on 0800 046 7345